The present research aims at assessing and comparing the damage evolution in a structural steel, mainly used in pipeline applications, both under quasi-static and dynamic conditions. Accordingly to the core of the literature related to plastic damage modelling, two key parameters must be controlled in the tests: the stress triaxiality and the Lode angle, both depending on the stress state. Either strongly affect the material strain to failure. Hence, different specimen geometries are needed to test the material in the desired ranges of these parameters. In this work, three kinds of geometries typically used in static tests, i.e. round and notched cylindrical, and thin rectangular, have been considered and adapted to an available Hopkinson bar facility. The shape of the specimens (diameter, fillet/notch radius, thickness, gauge length) and the incident pulse intensity have been studied within a multi-objective optimization scheme, in order to achieve similar strain rates for the three kinds of tests, with nearly constant time histories of strain rate, triaxiality and Lode angle during deformation. More specifically, the adopted solutions permitted to achieve an average strain rate of 3500 s-1, with varying triaxialities from 0.5 to 1.2, Lode angles from 0.5 to 1 and strains to failure from 0.8 to 1.5.

Design and Optimization of Dynamic Test Samples for Ductile Damage Assessment

Mancini E.;
2018

Abstract

The present research aims at assessing and comparing the damage evolution in a structural steel, mainly used in pipeline applications, both under quasi-static and dynamic conditions. Accordingly to the core of the literature related to plastic damage modelling, two key parameters must be controlled in the tests: the stress triaxiality and the Lode angle, both depending on the stress state. Either strongly affect the material strain to failure. Hence, different specimen geometries are needed to test the material in the desired ranges of these parameters. In this work, three kinds of geometries typically used in static tests, i.e. round and notched cylindrical, and thin rectangular, have been considered and adapted to an available Hopkinson bar facility. The shape of the specimens (diameter, fillet/notch radius, thickness, gauge length) and the incident pulse intensity have been studied within a multi-objective optimization scheme, in order to achieve similar strain rates for the three kinds of tests, with nearly constant time histories of strain rate, triaxiality and Lode angle during deformation. More specifically, the adopted solutions permitted to achieve an average strain rate of 3500 s-1, with varying triaxialities from 0.5 to 1.2, Lode angles from 0.5 to 1 and strains to failure from 0.8 to 1.5.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11389/25733
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