Although sport for athletes with mental retardation (MR) is achieving an important role, literature concerning basketball test and training is still poor. The aims of this study were to assess basketball ability before (PRE) and after (POST) a 6-month training in athletes with MR across 2 sports seasons (ss) and to analyze the variation of basketball abilities by subjects’ MR level. Fifteen trained basketball players with MR participated (11 men and 4 women; age range 19–43 years; MR: 3 Mild, 8 Moderate, 3 Severe, and 1 Profound). Athletes were tested PRE and POST a 6-month training during 2 following sports seasons (ss1 and ss2). The tests assessed 4 ability levels, each one characterized by the analysis of 4 fundamental areas (ball handling, reception, passing, and shooting), divided into 5 specific components. The athletes’ global score improved after training in both ss1 (41.5 6 12.0 vs. 48.6 6 15.4; p , 0.01) and ss2 (41.7 6 12.4 vs. 50.8 6 16.2; p , 0.01). Levels II, III, and IV showed an increase both after each ss and the 2 following ss (p , 0.01). No significant difference was found between POST-ss1 and POST-ss2 due to score decrease during the resting period between the 2 ss. In both ss, global and level scores were negatively correlated to MR level indicating that athletes with a lower MR obtained higher ability scores. In conclusion, a 6-month training caused a general improvement, especially evident in levels II and III in both ss. Global and level scores were negatively correlated to MR level (p , 0.05) indicating that athletes with a lower MR obtained higher scores. Therefore, the basketball test battery could be useful for improving and monitoring training.
|Titolo:||Using basketball test battery to monitor players with mental retardation across 2 sports seasons|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|