Dysregulation of calcium homeostasis is among the major cellular alterations in Alzheimer’s disease (AD).We studied Ca2+/calmodulindependent protein kinase II (CaM kinase II), one of the major effectors regulating neuronal responses to changes in calcium fluxes, in cultured skin fibroblasts from subjects with sporadic AD.We found, by using PCR andWestern analysis, that human fibroblasts express the -isoform of this kinase, and that CaM kinase II is the major Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent kinase in these cells. Protein expression level of the kinase was not significantly different in AD fibroblasts. However, the total activity of the kinase (stimulated by Ca2+/calmodulin) was significantly reduced in AD cell lines, whereas Ca2+-independent activity was significantly enhanced. The percent autonomy of the kinase (Ê2+-independent/Ca2+-dependent activity) in AD cell lines was 62.8%, three-fold the corresponding percentage in control fibroblasts. The abnormal calcium-independent activity was not due to enhanced basal autophosphorylation of Thr287. The observed abnormalities, if present in brain tissue, may be implicated either in dysfunction of neuroplasticity and cognitive functions or in dysregulation of cell cycle.
|Titolo:||Expression and phosphorylation of δ-CaM kinase II in cultured Alzheimer fibroblasts|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|