Background: Stroke survivors have poor long-term quality of life (QoL), especially in the dimensions of mobility and daily activities. Objectives: We aimed to investigate how clinical variables influence QoL during subacute stroke rehabilitation. Methods: We assessed the evolution of the health-related QoL (HRQoL), the balance skills, the sensory–motor functions, and the ability in the activity of daily living in 25 hospitalized patients (60.6 ± 11.14 years old; 32% female) during a period of 2 months of stroke rehabilitation. We used the Stroke-Specific Quality of Life scale (SSQoL) to assess the HRQoL; the Berg Balance Scale to assess gait and balance functions; the Fugl-Meyer Assessment scale for sensory–motor functions of upper (UE) and lower limb (LE); and the Barthel Index for activity of daily living. All data have been investigated with the repeated-measures analysis of variance before and after normalization. Multiple Regression Analysis (MRA) has been performed on the normalized data and between the normalized data and the demographic characteristics (Gender; Age; Lesion side). Results: A significant improvement was found in all the assessed scales during the time of observation. MRA shows a positive regression between HRQoL and the motor recovery of LE and between HRQoL and the balance skills in 60 days from the stroke (MR = 0.88; respectively: p = 0.004 and p = 0.02). Conclusions: Our result shows that LE motor recovery impacts the QoL more than motor recovery of UE after 60 days of neurorehabilitation. This finding is strengthened by a positive regression between balance skills and QoL.

Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after stroke: Positive relationship between lower extremity and balance recovery

Koch G.
2020

Abstract

Background: Stroke survivors have poor long-term quality of life (QoL), especially in the dimensions of mobility and daily activities. Objectives: We aimed to investigate how clinical variables influence QoL during subacute stroke rehabilitation. Methods: We assessed the evolution of the health-related QoL (HRQoL), the balance skills, the sensory–motor functions, and the ability in the activity of daily living in 25 hospitalized patients (60.6 ± 11.14 years old; 32% female) during a period of 2 months of stroke rehabilitation. We used the Stroke-Specific Quality of Life scale (SSQoL) to assess the HRQoL; the Berg Balance Scale to assess gait and balance functions; the Fugl-Meyer Assessment scale for sensory–motor functions of upper (UE) and lower limb (LE); and the Barthel Index for activity of daily living. All data have been investigated with the repeated-measures analysis of variance before and after normalization. Multiple Regression Analysis (MRA) has been performed on the normalized data and between the normalized data and the demographic characteristics (Gender; Age; Lesion side). Results: A significant improvement was found in all the assessed scales during the time of observation. MRA shows a positive regression between HRQoL and the motor recovery of LE and between HRQoL and the balance skills in 60 days from the stroke (MR = 0.88; respectively: p = 0.004 and p = 0.02). Conclusions: Our result shows that LE motor recovery impacts the QoL more than motor recovery of UE after 60 days of neurorehabilitation. This finding is strengthened by a positive regression between balance skills and QoL.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11389/31148
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact