A significant proportion of patients do not experience relief from pain during the early postsurgical period after joint arthroplasty and are at risk for developing chronic pain. The objectives of this study were to identify biopsychosocial factors associated with acute postsurgical pain trajectories and with pain intensity and interference after 1, 3, and 12 months. Two hundred ten patients listed for joint arthroplasty filled a presurgical battery of questionnaires assessing presurgical pain intensity, catastrophizing, emotional distress, state anxiety and depression, self-efficacy, central sensitization, and executive functions. From the day after surgery, they were asked to fill a 7-day diary, including questions about postsurgical pain and postsurgical state catastrophizing. Finally, they provided data about pain intensity and interference after 1, 3, and 12 months. Predictors of acute pain trajectories were investigated using multilevel growth curve analysis. Results showed that central sensitization was a predictor of the intercept of pain trajectories and daily postsurgical catastrophizing was a significant covariate of pain intensity in the acute phase. Analyses of follow-up data showed that central sensitization was a predictor of pain intensity and pain interference at 3 and 12 months, that emotional distress was related with pain intensity and interference at 1 month, and with pain interference at 3 months, and that cognitive flexibility was associated with pain interference at 1 month. Assessment of these factors could enable to identify patients at risk for worse outcomes and to plan targeted treatments to be implemented during the patient's inward stay.

Psychological factors and trajectories of post-surgical pain: A longitudinal prospective study

Manzoni G. M.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

A significant proportion of patients do not experience relief from pain during the early postsurgical period after joint arthroplasty and are at risk for developing chronic pain. The objectives of this study were to identify biopsychosocial factors associated with acute postsurgical pain trajectories and with pain intensity and interference after 1, 3, and 12 months. Two hundred ten patients listed for joint arthroplasty filled a presurgical battery of questionnaires assessing presurgical pain intensity, catastrophizing, emotional distress, state anxiety and depression, self-efficacy, central sensitization, and executive functions. From the day after surgery, they were asked to fill a 7-day diary, including questions about postsurgical pain and postsurgical state catastrophizing. Finally, they provided data about pain intensity and interference after 1, 3, and 12 months. Predictors of acute pain trajectories were investigated using multilevel growth curve analysis. Results showed that central sensitization was a predictor of the intercept of pain trajectories and daily postsurgical catastrophizing was a significant covariate of pain intensity in the acute phase. Analyses of follow-up data showed that central sensitization was a predictor of pain intensity and pain interference at 3 and 12 months, that emotional distress was related with pain intensity and interference at 1 month, and with pain interference at 3 months, and that cognitive flexibility was associated with pain interference at 1 month. Assessment of these factors could enable to identify patients at risk for worse outcomes and to plan targeted treatments to be implemented during the patient's inward stay.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11389/38276
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