: Parkinson's disease (PD) manifestations can include visual hallucinations and illusions. Recent findings suggest that the coherent integration of bodily information within an egocentric representation could play a crucial role in these phenomena. Egocentric processing is a key aspect of spatial navigation and is supported by the striatum. Due to the deterioration of the striatal and motor systems, PD mainly impairs the egocentric rather than the allocentric spatial frame of reference. However, it is still unclear the interplay between spatial cognition and PD hallucinations and how different navigation mechanisms can influence such spatial frames of reference. We report the case of A.A., a patient that suffers from PD with frequent episodes of visual hallucinations and illusions. We used a virtual reality (VR) navigation task to assess egocentric and allocentric spatial memory under five navigation conditions (passive, immersive, map, path decision, and attentive cues) in A.A. and a PD control group without psychosis. In general, A.A. exhibited a statistically significant classical dissociation between the egocentric and allocentric performance with a greater deficit for the former. In particular, the dissociation was statistically significant in the "passive" and "attentive cues" conditions. Interestingly in the "immersive" condition, the dissociation was not significant and, in contrast to the other conditions, trends showed better performance for egocentric than allocentric memory. Within the theories of embodiment, we suggest that body-based information, as assessed with VR navigation tasks, could play an important role in PD hallucinations. In addition, the possible neural underpinnings and the usefulness of VR are discussed.

Contribution of cognitive and bodily navigation cues to egocentric and allocentric spatial memory in hallucinations due to Parkinson's disease: A case report

Tuena, Cosimo;Pedroli, Elisa;
2022-01-01

Abstract

: Parkinson's disease (PD) manifestations can include visual hallucinations and illusions. Recent findings suggest that the coherent integration of bodily information within an egocentric representation could play a crucial role in these phenomena. Egocentric processing is a key aspect of spatial navigation and is supported by the striatum. Due to the deterioration of the striatal and motor systems, PD mainly impairs the egocentric rather than the allocentric spatial frame of reference. However, it is still unclear the interplay between spatial cognition and PD hallucinations and how different navigation mechanisms can influence such spatial frames of reference. We report the case of A.A., a patient that suffers from PD with frequent episodes of visual hallucinations and illusions. We used a virtual reality (VR) navigation task to assess egocentric and allocentric spatial memory under five navigation conditions (passive, immersive, map, path decision, and attentive cues) in A.A. and a PD control group without psychosis. In general, A.A. exhibited a statistically significant classical dissociation between the egocentric and allocentric performance with a greater deficit for the former. In particular, the dissociation was statistically significant in the "passive" and "attentive cues" conditions. Interestingly in the "immersive" condition, the dissociation was not significant and, in contrast to the other conditions, trends showed better performance for egocentric than allocentric memory. Within the theories of embodiment, we suggest that body-based information, as assessed with VR navigation tasks, could play an important role in PD hallucinations. In addition, the possible neural underpinnings and the usefulness of VR are discussed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11389/55216
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