Friction stir extrusion is an innovative process designed to recycle metal chips from various machining operations. In this research, the feasibility of solid-state recycling of pure aluminum AA1090 machining chips using FSE process is investigated. In the early stage, a FE simulation was conducted in order to optimize the die design (spiral scroll of the plunge, hole size and bearing distance) and the process parameters in terms of plunge rotational speed and extrusion rate. The AA1090 aluminum chips were produced by turning off an as-received bar without lubrication. The chips were compacted on a MTS machine up to 150KN of load. The resulting chip-billets had a diameter of 40mm and 30mm high. The chip-based billet was FS Extruded at 1000rpm rotational speed and 0.8mm/s of plunge displacement. The extruded samples were analyzed by optical microscope in order to see the material flow and to characterize the microstructure. Finally, micro-hardness Vickers profiles were carried out, in both longitudinal and transversal direction, in order to investigate the homogeneity of the mechanical properties of the extrudate.

A new sustainable direct solid state recycling of AA1090 aluminum alloy chips by means of friction stir back extrusion process

Simoncini, Michela;
2019

Abstract

Friction stir extrusion is an innovative process designed to recycle metal chips from various machining operations. In this research, the feasibility of solid-state recycling of pure aluminum AA1090 machining chips using FSE process is investigated. In the early stage, a FE simulation was conducted in order to optimize the die design (spiral scroll of the plunge, hole size and bearing distance) and the process parameters in terms of plunge rotational speed and extrusion rate. The AA1090 aluminum chips were produced by turning off an as-received bar without lubrication. The chips were compacted on a MTS machine up to 150KN of load. The resulting chip-billets had a diameter of 40mm and 30mm high. The chip-based billet was FS Extruded at 1000rpm rotational speed and 0.8mm/s of plunge displacement. The extruded samples were analyzed by optical microscope in order to see the material flow and to characterize the microstructure. Finally, micro-hardness Vickers profiles were carried out, in both longitudinal and transversal direction, in order to investigate the homogeneity of the mechanical properties of the extrudate.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11389/27094
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